RESUME BUILDING TIPS
Think of a resume as a tool for marketing yourself. It’s more than just a document: It outlines your background, your skills, and your education so that a potential employer is quickly and easily able to see how your individual experiences can contribute to a company’s success.
A Good Resume Should Have Following Contents
Here are a few key resume writing tips that will help you organize and design your resume:
Select the Correct resume format
Selecting the right resume format is the very first and important step. It is very important for you to highlight those sections which are most required for the job. Different resume formats highlight different aspects.
- Reverse-Chronological– It mainly highlights your relevant experience, this format lists your experience first and then the qualification in reverse order means most recent first.
- Functional – It mainly highlights skills and recommended for those who are seeking a career change.
- Hybrid (mixed) – It is the combination of the chronological and functional format and recommended for those who have mixed relevant skills and similar work experience.
Put the Best or Impressive Stuff “Above the Fold” i.e. first half of your paper.
Make Your Contact Info Prominent
Contact Number 1 + 1 Alternate Number
Email ID (Professional)
(You don’t need to include your address on your resume on the front anymore rather you can add it in your personal profile session. but you do need to make sure to include a phone number and professional email address (example- Right: email@example.com Wrong: firstname.lastname@example.org or not your work address!)
Career Objective (Especially for freshers)
Career objective or resume objective acts as the pitch of your resume. It mentions the goal and objective of your career. Even though it is not a strict requirement to include a resume objective in your resume, a well-written objective can help you catch the attention of the recruiter.
Here’s how to write an objective for a resume:
- Start with a strong trait, add 2–3 skills, describe your career goals, and say what you hope to do for the company.
- State the position to which you’re applying and use the name of the company.
- Keep it short.
- Avoid first-person pronouns.
Add a Brief Summary Statement (In case of the experienced candidate)
(This a mini-story about who you are, and what you’ll bring to the role you’re applying for.)
- A summary Statement is a very important piece of information as it helps the interviewer to determine whether to go or not to go through the resume.
- It should be a short, yet informative and convincing mentioning about your abilities and skillsets.
- Here one has to determine his/her own abilities and enlightened technical/professional or any other skills. For eg. I have good communication skills or I possess good leadership skills.
- Basically, you have to determine the qualities you’re efficient at. Again some of these qualities should be co-related with the job requirements.
Experience First, Education Second, Keep it (Reverse) Chronological
Unless you’re a recent graduate, put your education after your experience. Chances are, your last couple of jobs are more important and relevant to you getting the job than where you went to college.
Work experience should be relevant and recent
Keep it Recent, Keep it Relevant
As a rule, you should only show the most recent 10-15 years of your career history and only include the experience relevant to the positions to which you are applying. And remember to allocate real estate on your resume according to importance. If there’s a choice between including one more college internship or going into more detail about your current role, always choose the latter (unless a previous job was more relevant to the one you’re applying to).
Kill the Short-Term Jobs
If you stayed at a (non-temporary) job for only a matter of months, consider eliminating it from your resume. leaving a particularly short-lived job or two off your work history shouldn’t hurt, as long as you’re honest about your experience if asked in an interview.
Deal with the Gaps
If you have gaps of a few months in your work history, don’t list the usual start and end dates for each position. Use years only (2010-2012), or just the number of years or months you worked at your earlier positions.
No Relevant Experience? No Worries!(For Freshers)
Don’t panic if you don’t have any experience that fits the bill. Instead, focus your resume on your relevant and transferrable skills along with any related side or academic projects, and then make sure to pair it with a strong cover letter telling the narrative of why you’re ideal for the job.
Don’t Neglect Non-Traditional Work
There’s no law that says you can only put full-time or paid work on your resume. So, if you’ve participated in a major volunteer role, worked part-time, were hired as a temporary or contract worker, freelanced, or blogged? Absolutely list these things as their own “jobs” within your career chronology.
Educational Qualifications (Keep it (Reverse-Last First) Chronological)
- Usually, a tabulated form of academic achievements is preferred which gives a clear picture to the interviewer of your background. However, you can also adopt the following timeline format where you can mention in a chronological manner about your studies.
- MBA (Marketing & Systems) from Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, NMIMS University, Mumbai with 78% in the year 2018.
- B.Com Honors from Delhi College of Commerce and Arts, Delhi University, Delhi with 81% in the year 2016.
- Intermediate (10+2) with PCM from Delhi Public School, Delhi, CBSC Board with 95% in the Year 2013.
- Other Qualifications or Certifications can also be written in this column.
Adding a section of accomplishments to your resume is a great way to demonstrate your greatest achievements and areas of expertise as they relate to the job you’re applying for.
Key skills include Client relations, Process improvement, Forecasting, Project design and management, Budget planning and development, Web design, etc.
Show—Don’t Tell—Your Soft Skills
Describing soft skills on a resume often starts to sound like a list of meaningless buzzwords, fast. But being a “strong leader” or an “effective communicator” are important characteristics you want to get across. Think about how you can demonstrate these attributes in your bullet points without actually saying them—try it yourself until you get the result you’re going for!
List Out Your Skills
Be sure to add a section that lists out all the relevant skills you have for a position, including tech skills like HTML and Adobe Creative Suite and any industry-related certifications. Just make sure to skip including skills that everyone is expected to have, like using email or Microsoft Word. Doing so will actually make you seem less technologically savvy.
Divvy Them Up
If you have lots of skills related to a position—say, foreign language, software, and leadership skills—try breaking out one of those sections and listing it on its own. Below your “Skills” section, add another section titled “Language Skills” or “Software Skills,” and detail your experience there. Again—we’re going for skim ability here, folks!
Awards and Achievements
Strut Your Stuff
Do include awards and accolades you’ve received, even if they’re company-specific awards. Just state what you earned them for, e.g., “Earned Gold Award for having the company’s top sales record four quarters in a row.” Best boy best girl in school etc. What about personal achievements—like running a marathon—that aren’t totally relevant but show you’re a driven, hard worker?
Were you a busy bee in school? Learn how to incorporate your extracurricular activities in your resume, so you can elevate your job application and draw the eye of hiring managers.
As a student job seeker, you may be wondering whether to include extracurricular activities in your resume.
The answer is yes, you should.
Introducing extracurriculars in your resume gives hiring managers a glimpse into your character and interests outside of your grades and test scores. This helps elevate you from a collection of cold data to a fully-fledged human being with personal passions.
However, does this strategy really give you an edge over the traditional jobseeker?
Top Extracurricular Activities to Put On a Resume
- Student Government (SGA) or Student governance and Club Executive Board Position – it shows Leadership, Collaboration, Communication, Organization.
- Arts – it shows Creativity, Attention to Detail, Collaboration, Work ethic
- Sports – Playing sports shows determination, Collaboration, Creativity, Communication, Work ethic.
- Work-Study – Time management, Multitasking, Independence, Problem-solving.
- Debate team – presentation, argumentation, and critical thinking skills, leadership, networking, delegation,
- Media and technical skills
- Charity fundraising
For the really ambitious student, why not get a head start on your business ambitions and start your own business? You’ll be in an environment with plenty of time and resources to develop your own ideas. it’s a clear demonstration of your independence and self-motivation which employers will appreciate.
- Managing People and Events
Have you led a sports team or organized the freshman orchestra concert series? Put it on your resume. Extracurricular and student activities that show your ability to manage groups or plan large-scale events add weight to your experience, it demonstrates your ability to work with a team and plan ahead.
- Writing Skills / Training
If your extracurricular activities include published writing experience add it to your resume.
- Peer Tutoring/Advising
The ability to effectively communicate information to others is an essential part of any workplace. Buddying up with college students or younger people in the area (such as high school or grade school students) who need tutoring or advising suggests not only a willingness to help others but also proficiency in a particular field of study.
Personal Dossier / Profile
In the personal section include
Your date of birth,
Languages are known and their proficiency level possessed – Language skills can be a great selling point on your resume. If you’re multilingual, be sure to list each language you speak and your proficiency level.
Professional Affiliations – List any relevant professional organizations or affiliations you’re a member of that aren’t listed on your resume. For each group, please list its name and URL, when you became a member, and what positions you held. If you took an active role in the organization, describe your responsibilities and any notable achievements.
Show Some Personality – Feel free to include an “Interests” section on your resume, but only add those that are relevant to the job. Are you a guitar player with your eye on a music company? Definitely include it. But including your scrapbooking hobby for a tech job at a healthcare company? Don’t even think about it. Beware of Interests That Could Be Controversial. Many candidates do not mention this section in their resumes. However, it does not hurt to mention your hobbies and activities that you like.
Mentioning them would help the interviewer to know more about you and your interests.
Need not write the references in the resume but be ready to provide them as and when required. Avoid mentioning a statement ‘Available on Request’
For each new job opportunity, you should make sure your list of references is the right fit. Think about your relationship with each person. How closely did you work with them? How recently did you work together? How will they explain your qualities to the hiring manager? All these details play a role in who goes on your list. You need to select people who will emphasize your strengths to potential employers.
It’s a good idea to prepare a document listing your references so you can have them ready for employers. Here are five people you can include on your list of professional references if you want to land the job:
Here are five people you can include on your list of professional references if you want to land the job: Former Employer, Colleague, Teacher, Advisor, Supervisor.
Full Name / Date / Place
At the end of the resume don’t forget to add the above contents and your official Signature.
- Keep it Simple – Simplicity is the best policy
- Ditch “References Available Upon Request”
- Use keywords that employers are using in their job descriptions
- Proofread several times to catch typos and misspellings
- Business lingo. Choosing overused business jargon can weaken your resume. Using plain, clear language that explains how you’ve delivered value is much more effective.
- Only include subheadings and sections you need, Choose appropriate margins
- Updated and correct contact information
- Formulation of the resume
- There are steps in which you must proceed in order to structure your resume as per planning.
- In the blank document start out with the margin and selection of fonts and sizes. In the case of a document as formal as the resume, you have few choices of fonts viz, Times New Roman, Calibri, Arial, or Georgia.
- It is preferable to use font size 14 for headings and 12 for the information.
- Don’t lie –In order to impress a recruiter never write anything which is not true, overstatement, and anything which you can’t offer. You can’t fool the recruiter; they are far more intelligent and observable than you think.
- Don’t write Personal stuff
- Which personal details not to include in your CV
The following is a list of personal details that you should normally not include on your CV unless there is a good reason for including it: Nationality, Place of birth, Gender. Marital status, Number of children, Current salary, Religion, Driving license details, Health status and similar unimportant things.
- Poor grammar and Spelling Mistakes.
One of the biggest CV killers is poor grammar. Poor spellings and grammar belie the claims you make in your CV regarding your education and are considered unforgivable mistakes. It may cost you dear as this is used as a predictor of your attitude when you are working in the organization. Poor grammar makes the recruiter look at you as negligent, and no organization would like to hire a casual person.
Make sure you proofread your CV a number of times, ask someone to verify whether you have not omitted anything to ensure that everything is thorough, as a third person’s perspective always helps.
- Overdressed CVs:
Your CV should be simple, straightforward and professional. Flashy CVs can put off most recruiters as they are looking for a professional. Avoid the use of personal pronouns such as I. Instead of referring to you, refer to your achievements and experiences in a list, using bullet points.
- Mentioning reasons for leaving previous employment:
Someone actually mentioned his reason for leaving the previous job, as “It was hard work”. It is best not to mention reasons for leaving the last job. These things are best discussed during face-to-face meetings. Mentioning this on CVs would distract the recruiter from the aim of the CV.
- Optional Details that you may include in your CV
The following are two additional personal details that candidates have recently started putting on their CVs: LinkedIn account details, Personal website/portfolio web address
This is a good idea if your LinkedIn profile or personal website contains additional information that could strengthen your application.